Show submenu with CSS without using an unordered list

Tags: javascript,jquery,html,css

Problem :

I got a question regarding showing a submenu with CSS. I have the following HTML code:

<div class="navigation">
    <a class="active" href="/">Home</a>
    <a href="/">Test1</a>
    <a href="/">Test2</a>
    <div class="submenu-wrapper">
      <a href="/">Test3</a>
      <div class="submenu">
        <a href="/">Submenu1</a>
        <a href="/">Submenu2</a>
    <a href="/">Test4</a>

Due to implementation restriction I can not change my structure to, for example a <ul> format.

I did some research on the web to find out how I could show my submenu by using CSS. I tried the following thing:

.navigation .submenu-wrapper a:hover > .submenu{display:block;}

Can anyone tell my why this does not work and how could I solve this, with respect to my current implementation.

Full code here: JSFIDDLE

PS. Any answers like use bootstrap or transform your menu to a <ul> format is not what I am looking ;)

Solution :

Your code:

.navigation .submenu-wrapper a:hover > .submenu{display:block;}

Your .submenu is not inside the a. You could use the sibling selector:

.navigation .submenu-wrapper a:hover + .submenu{display:block;}

But to make the submenu usable, make sure your .submenu-wrapper has the same height as its content (by giving it a fixed height or an :after{clear:both;} and do this:

.navigation .submenu-wrapper:hover .submenu{display:block;}

Since your .submenu is absolutely positioned, you also need to position its parent, or else .submenu will fall off the screen (because you gave it top:100% relative to body). Like this:

.navigation .submenu-wrapper {position: relative;}

Updated fiddle:

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