How to Pause ALL CSS animations?

Tags: jquery,css,animation,css-animations

Problem :

How would I go about pausing all css animations in a document at start? I want to have a class on all the elements that contain css animations at start, ie: '.paused'. Then, using a call back in my js using jQuery, remove the class '.paused', then add a class to resume playing, ie: '.running'.

Here is what I've got:


<li class="firstanimation paused">...</li>
<li class="secondanimation paused">...</li>
<li class="thirdanimation paused">...</li>


#slider li.paused {
    -webkit-animation-play-state: paused;
    -moz-animation-play-state: paused;
    -ms-animation-play-state: paused;
    -o-animation-play-state: paused;
    animation-play-state: paused;
#slider li.firstanimation {
    animation: cycle 25s linear infinite;-moz-animation:cycle 25s linear infinite;-webkit-animation:cycle 25s linear infinite;
#slider li.secondanimation {
    animation: cycletwo 25s linear infinite;-moz-animation:cycletwo 25s linear infinite;-webkit-animation:cycletwo 25s linear infinite;
#slider li.thirdanimation {
    animation: cyclethree 25s linear infinite;-moz-animation:cyclethree 25s linear infinite;-webkit-animation:cyclethree 25s linear infinite;

So, my problem is that the "#slider li.paused" selector doesn't work. In Chrome, the inspector says the 'animation-play-state:paused;' is an invalid property value...? I dont get that because I also have this in my css and it works fine:

#slider:hover li, #slider:hover .progress-bar {
    -webkit-animation-play-state: paused;
    -moz-animation-play-state: paused;
    -ms-animation-play-state: paused;
    -o-animation-play-state: paused;
    animation-play-state: paused;

So again, basically in a nutshell, how do I target all my animations with a class to have them all be paused? According to W3 docs, animation-play-state: paused; "Applies To: all elements, ::before and ::after pseudo-elements." But it doesnt in my case. What do I have wrong?

Your help is greatly appreciated.


Solution :

Your problem is due to selector specificity. Since the both the .paused and li.elemclass have the same specificity, the compiler will always choose the last one

To fix it you can move the .paused properties after the others or make it have more precedence by adding another layer, something like body #slider li.paused

Check the docs for more info on specificity and here's a specificity calculator for your convenience

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